Population structure, behaviors and ethnoprimatology of Primates in selected areas in Northern Peninsular Malaysia
Presenta: Karimullah Karimullah
Universiti Sains Malaysia, Penang
The dusky leaf monkeys, long-tailed macaques and pig-tailed macaques are widely distributed animals and most common monkey species of Peninsular Malaysia. They have closed proximity to human and human made environment. The human-primate interface is an enormous component in conservation and raising area of discussion across the field of anthropology. The objectives of present study are to examine population dynamics, behaviours and ecology of monkeys in Peninsular Malaysia. The line transects methods and scan sampling procedure were used for data collection. As a result, long-tailed macaques were observed more (59%) in study areas, followed by pig-tailed macaques (23%) and dusky-leaf monkeys (18%). The high population density of Macaca fascicularis was found, such as (5.12-individuals/km2, 0.83groups/km2). The behaviours of locomotion (18%) were analysed as the highest activity of Macaca nemestrina followed by climbing (15%) of all the species, foraging (15%), grooming and resting were found as the same (14%) of Trachypithecus obscurus. The highest interaction behaviours of monkeys were analysed as moving activity, followed by vocalization and attacking. In social organization physical contact was observed in Trachypithecus obscurus and aggression found as common in Macaca nemestrina. Sexual attack and sexual coercion were found more in male and female of Macaca fascicularis. Polyandrous and polygamous mating systems have also been found in all three species. Both males and females mate with multiple partners, which signify promiscuous mating system of monkeys.
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